FORD MUSTANG HISTORY
The Ford Mustang GT-R Concept Car.
It's based on the 2005 Mustang
and it's on show at the 2004 New York Motor Show.
12th April, 2004
FORTY YEARS OF MUSTANG MILESTONES
From Concept to Reality
1960 – 63: Ford Motor Company decides to develop a fun-to-drive "personal car" that will appeal to the post-World War II "baby boom" generation. Ford’s still unnamed personal car is to be derived from the Ford Falcon. The winner of an in-house design competition establishes the classic "pony car" proportion: a long, sweeping bonnet, short boot and sharply sculpted flanks.
The first Mustang – the 1962 Mustang I concept – is a two-seat, mid-engine sports car named after the legendary P51 Mustang fighter plane from World War II. It made its debut in October at the United States Grand Prix at Watkins Glen, New York where race driver Dan Gurney drove it around the circuit.
1964½ Ford Mustang
Generation I: 1964½ – 1973
1964: The world debut of Mustang occurred at the World’s Fair in Flushing
Meadows, New York on 17th April, 1964.
At the car’s launch, the company expected annual sales of about 100,000 units. But 22,000 Mustang orders were taken on the first day, and sales reached an astounding 417,000 in car’s first 12 months.
The first regular production Mustang was a Wimbledon White convertible with a 260-cid V-8 that rolled off the assembly line on 9th March, 1964. While on a promotional tour of Canada, a Ford dealer in St. John’s, Newfoundland "mistakenly" sold the car to Capt. Stanley Tucker, a pilot with Eastern Provincial Airlines. Ford re-acquired the car from Capt. Tucker in 1966 in exchange for Mustang number 1,000,001, and the original car is now on display at The Henry Ford in Dearborn, Mich.
1965: The Shelby GT350 is introduced, with its 306-horesepower (hp), 289-cid V-8.
1965 Ford Mustang
1966: Mustang sales pass the one million mark in March. A 1966 Mustang is the first – and perhaps only – car to park on the 86th floor observation deck of New York’s Empire State Building. In October 1965, Ford engineers disassembled a 1966 Mustang convertible and took it up in four sections using the building’s passenger elevators.
1966 Ford Mustang
1967: The 1967 model is considered by many to be the high water mark for Mustang design in the 1960s. The 2+2 model goes from a semi-notchback to a sweeping full fastback roofline. Separate triple tail lamps, a longer nose and a bigger grille also are added for a more aggressive stance.
The Shelby GT500 goes on sale, powered by a massive 428-cid V-8 that produces 355 hp.
1967 Ford Mustang
1968: The 302-cid V-8 replaces the "289" midyear, and a medium-riser version of Ford's premier race engine, the 427-cid V-8 (rated at 390 hp), is offered as a $622 option (USD). On 1st April, the 428 Cobra Jet engine is introduced as part of an option package aimed at enthusiasts.
1968 Ford Mustang
1969: A "steed for every need" philosophy yields 11 different powertrain combinations. New models added to the lineup include the 290-hp Boss 302, the 375-hp Boss 429, the Mach 1 and the Grande luxury model. Also offered for the first time is the 351-cid "Windsor" V-8 engine, producing 250 hp with a two-barrel carburetor, or 290 hp with a four-barrel.
1969 Ford Mustang
1970: A ram air "Shaker" hood scoop can be ordered on any Mustang equipped with a 351-cid or larger V-8.
1970 Ford Mustang
1971: The 1971 cars are the biggest Mustangs ever — nearly a foot longer and some 600 pounds heavier than the originals. Gone from the lineup are the Boss 302, Boss 429, Shelby GT350 and GT500. The Boss 351, with its 351 "Cleveland" V-8 and Cobra Jet heads, debuts. The Mach 1 is available with a variety of powertrains, topped by the 370-hp 429 SCJ (Super Cobra Jet).
1971 Ford Mustang
1972: Styling is unchanged from 1971, and the only new model offering is the Sprint – a special red, white and blue exterior paint-and-tape package with co-ordinated interior.
1973: The impact of gasoline shortages, rising insurance premiums and emissions controls brings the muscle-car era to a close. The 1973 model year is the last for the original Falcon-platform Mustang. The convertible is discontinued.
1973 Ford Mustang
Generation II: 1974 – 1978
1974: The completely redesigned Mustang II is introduced. Compared with the 1973 model, the Mustang II is 19 inches shorter and 490 pounds lighter. It is available as a notchback, including a luxury Ghia model, and a 2+2 fastback. There are only two engine choices – a 90-hp, 2.3-litre inline four cylinder or a 100-hp, 2.8-litre V-6. For the first time, there is no V-8 engine and no Mustang convertible.
1974 Ford Mustang II
1975: V-8 power returns to Mustang. But the 302-cid V-8 engine produces only 130 hp and comes only with an automatic transmission.
1976: The Cobra II package joins the lineup, replete with non-functional hood scoop, racing stripes and front and rear spoilers. Available in white with blue stripes, blue with white stripes, and black with gold stripes, the Cobra II is intended to recall the looks of the famed Shelby Mustangs.
1977: In an attempt to appeal to convertible fans, fastback models are now available with T-Top removable glass roof panels. A new Sports Performance Package finally adds a four-speed manual transmission to the 302-cid V-8.
1978: The new King Cobra model is the first Mustang to wear a "5.0" badge – the metric equivalent of 302 cubic inches.
1978 Ford Mustang II
Generation III: 1979 -- 1994
1979: The new "Fox" platform Mustang makes its debut. The new model is longer and taller than Mustang II, yet is 200 pounds lighter. A sleek, "Euro" design replaces many traditional Mustang styling cues. Engine choices are a 2.3-litre four-cylinder (including a 140-hp turbo version), a 2.8-litre V-6, a 3.3-litre inline six-cylinder and a 140-hp 5.0-litre V-8.
1979 Ford Mustang
1980: The 302-cid V-8 engine is dropped and is replaced by an economy-minded 119-hp, 255-cid V-8 derivative.
1981: Performance heads to the back burner, as the turbo four-cylinder is dropped from the Mustang engine lineup, and new emissions controls drop the 255-cid V-8's power to 115 hp.
1982: The Mustang GT returns after a 12-year absence. Also back is the 5.0-litre V-8, rated at 157 hp. Optional T-Tops return.
1983: After 10 years, Mustang again has a convertible model, complete with power top and a tempered glass back window. The Mustang GT’s 5.0-litre V-8 is now rated at a healthy 175 hp.
1984: Ford’s Special Vehicle Operations produces the Mustang SVO. It features a front fascia with integral fog lamps, an off-centre functional scoop and a polycarbonate dual-wing rear spoiler. Power is from a turbocharged and air-to-air intercooled 2.3-litre inline four-cylinder producing 175 hp and 210 foot-pounds (lb.-ft.) of torque. Also available is the 20th Anniversary Edition Mustang, a special V-8 powered GT model painted in Oxford White with Canyon Red interior. It was available as either a coupe or as a convertible.
1985: Mustang gets a revised 5.0-litre HO (high output) V-8 that makes 210 hp when mated to a manual transmission. A new Quadra-Shock rear suspension helps provide better acceleration by reducing wheel-hop on hard takeoffs.
1986: Mustang's V-8 trades its carburetor for new sequential multi-port fuel injection.
1986 Ford Mustang
1987: Mustang is heavily restyled, with a new "aero-look" body. The 5.0-litre V-8 now produces 225 hp.
1989: For Mustang’s 25th anniversary, all cars produced between 17th April, 1989, and 17th April, 1990, sport the familiar running horse on the dashboard with "25 years" inscribed underneath.
1990: Mustang now sports a driver's-side airbag as standard equipment.
1991: Entry-level Mustangs receive an improved 105-hp, twin-plug 2.3-litre four-cylinder with distributorless ignition. All V-8 models now come with new, five-spoke 16x7-inch cast aluminum wheels.
1992: The stealthy Mustang LX 5.0 develops a cult following and outsells all other models combined. Wire-style wheel covers and whitewall tyres disappear from the options list.
1993: Ford’s new Special Vehicle Team (SVT) introduces the limited-production SVT Mustang Cobra with subtle but distinctive styling cues and performance upgrades. The low-volume 1993 Cobra R, developed to be used as a race car, sells out prior to production.
1993 Ford Mustang
Generation IV: 1994 – 2004
1994: For its 30th anniversary, Mustang is dramatically restyled to evoke the car’s heritage and performance tradition. Fully 1,330 of the vehicle’s 1,850 parts are changed. The new FOX-4 platform is thoroughly re-engineered and structurally stiffer. The hatchback bodystyle is dropped, leaving the two-door coupe and convertible. The GT’s 5.0-litre V-8 engine produces 215 hp. An SVT Mustang Cobra is launched mid-year, producing 240 hp from its upgraded 5.0-litre V-8.
1995: The final model year for the venerable 5.0-litre V-8, which began life as the 260- and later 289-cid small-block engines. The second SVT Mustang Cobra R is introduced – 250 units, street legal but meant for racing – with a 300-hp, 5.8-litre V-8 and five-speed manual transmission.
1996: Mustang GTs and SVT Mustang Cobras are for the first time equipped with Ford’s 4.6-litre modular V-8 engine, which uses overhead cams to open the intake and exhaust valves. The Cobra’s 4.6-litre dual-overhead cam (DOHC) aluminum V-8 produces 305 hp.
1996 Ford Mustang GT
1997: Ford's Passive Anti-Theft System (PATS) becomes standard on all models.
1998: Output of the Mustang GT’s 4.6-litre V-8 is increased to 225 hp.
1999: A redesign gives Mustang sharply creased lines and pronounced wheel arch flares, plus a new hood, grille, fascias and lamps. The base 3.8-litre V-6 gets a 27 percent increase in horsepower, to 190 hp, and comes with 35th Anniversary badging. The SVT Mustang Cobra becomes the first Mustang with a fully independent rear suspension. The car’s 4.6-litre DOHC V-8 now produces 320 hp.
2000: The third SVT Mustang Cobra R is produced. This lightweight, street-legal racing model has a 385-hp, 5.4-litre DOHC V-8 and features the first six-speed manual transmission ever in a Mustang. Production is 300 units.
2001: Inspired by the 1968 Mustang GT390 driven by Steve McQueen in the movie classic "Bullitt," the Mustang Bullitt GT makes its debut. It has unique side scoops, 17-inch Bullitt-style aluminium wheels and a lowered, specially-tuned suspension.
2002: Mustang stands alone as its two closest competitors – the Chevrolet Camaro and Pontiac Firebird – end production.
2003: The Mustang Mach 1 returns with a 305-hp V-8 engine and the signature ram-air "Shaker" bonnet scoop. It includes 17-inch, five-spoke Heritage wheels inspired by the 1969-1973 Mustang’s Mach 1 wheels and 1960s-style "comfort weave" seats trimmed in black leather.
The SVT Mustang Cobra gets an Eaton supercharger for its 4.6-litre V-8, which increases the power output to 390 hp and 390 lb.-ft. of torque. This made the 2003 Cobra the fastest, best-performing regular production Mustang to date.
2004: Ford Motor Company produces its 300 millionth car – a 2004 Mustang GT convertible 40th Anniversary edition. The Anniversary package, available on all V-6 and GT models, including convertibles, includes an exclusive Crimson Red exterior with Arizona Beige Metallic performance stripes on the bonnet, lower rocker panels and boot lid.
The 2004 models will be the last cars built at Ford’s fabled Dearborn Assembly Plant, which has produced Mustangs every model year since the car's inception.
Generation V: 2005 –
2005: Production of the all-new 2005 Ford Mustang begins in third quarter 2004 in Flat Rock, Michigan (USA).
2005 Ford Mustang GT coupe
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