Jaguar Land Rover's Ingenium engine
New engines for Jaguar Land Rover
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11th July, 2014
- Ingenium is an all-new range of compact, lightweight, low-emissions diesel and petrol turbocharged engines that
deliver efficiency and performance
- Configurable and flexible common diesel and petrol architecture enables maximum manufacturing efficiency, more
variants, higher quality and greater speed to market
- Designed and engineered in-house by Jaguar Land Rover engineers, volume production begins in early 2015 at the new
Engine Manufacturing Centre near Wolverhampton, UK
- Weighing up to 80kg less than today’s engines, Ingenium uses patented technologies to reduce friction and deliver
class-leading CO2 emissions, refinement and high performance
Ingenium, the new family of premium diesel and petrol engines designed, engineered and manufactured by Jaguar Land
Rover, delivers class-leading levels of torque, horsepower and refinement while reducing emissions and fuel
The company has revealed more of the technical details of these new lightweight, compact low-emissions modular engines
as it showcased some of the company’s future technologies.
Ingenium: Configurable, Flexible, Modular
Jaguar Land Rover has developed its own new range of advanced technology, low-friction, high-performance petrol and
diesel engines to meet growing customer demand for lower fuel consumption and cost of ownership, without compromising
performance and the driver experience.
Ingenium’s design brief presented Jaguar Land Rover’s engineers with a tough and complex challenge. Its new engine
range would need to be:
- Configurable and flexible to enable seamless installation in a range of new Jaguar and Land Rover vehicles
- Scalable up and down to provide smaller or larger displacement variants in the future
- Able to accommodate a range of powertrain lay-outs including rear-, all- and four-wheel drive
- Engineered to support manual and automatic transmissions as well as electrified hybrid drive systems
- Easily accepting of new advances in engine technologies as they become available
Jaguar Land Rover powertrain engineers at the company’s Whitley and Gaydon development facilities have based
Ingenium’s foundation on extremely strong and compact aluminium blocks for both diesel and petrol versions.
These lightweight blocks share the same bore, stroke, cylinder spacing and 500cc cylinder capacity. This helps give
Ingenium the configurability and flexibility around which smaller or larger engines can quickly and efficiently be
developed to meet future regulatory and competitive requirements. To support the development of this future powertrain
technology, including the new Ingenium family, Jaguar Land Rover has invested £40 million to expand and enhance its
Powertrain Engineering facility at its Whitley Technical Centre.
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All diesel and petrol Ingenium variants will be equipped with state-of-the-art turbochargers that improve performance,
particularly at low speeds, and that help reduce consumption and CO2 emissions.
Ingenium’s modular design enables both petrol and diesel engines to share many common internal components and
calibration strategies. This reduces complexity, raises quality and simplifies manufacturing, and allows Jaguar Land
Rover to react more quickly to changes in global demand.
“Customers around the world are increasingly demanding cleaner-running, more efficient vehicles that maintain or
even enhance the performance attributes expected of a rugged all-terrain vehicle or a high performance car. Our Ingenium
engines deliver this to a new level,” said Dr. Wolfgang Ziebart, Jaguar Land Rover Group Engineering Director.
“Engineering and manufacturing our own engines improves our ability to react to changes in demand and improves our
ability to react to changes in legislation and competitive technologies in the future,” added Dr Ziebart. “We
believe that with the range of technologies we are investing in, Jaguar Land Rover can absolutely satisfy the often
conflicting requirements of delivering engaging high-performance luxury vehicles that reduce our carbon footprint in the
Ingenium bristles with innovations that will deliver more of what Jaguar Land Rover’s global customers expect from
premium high-performance engines: outstanding low-end torque, effortless acceleration and class-leading emissions
performance with low consumption.
One strategy Jaguar Land Rover powertrain engineers used to accomplish this was a focus on reducing internal
In the first Ingenium engine to go into volume production, a 2.0-litre diesel known as AJ200D, friction is reduced by
17 per cent compared to the current engine, helping to make it one of the most efficient and responsive 2.0-litre turbo
diesels in its segment.
Ingenium engines feature six key technologies that combine to reduce friction, add refinement and improve performance.
- Roller bearings on cam and balancer shafts, instead of machined-in bearing surfaces.
- Computer-controlled variable oil pumps that save energy by delivering the optimum amount of oil at all speeds, engine
loads and temperatures.
- Computer-controlled variable water pumps that adjust the amount of coolant flowing through the engine, based on
temperature, speed and driving conditions. The split or twin circuit cooling system offers the twin benefits of lowering
CO2 emissions by enabling fast warm ups, and providing quick cabin heat on cold days.
- Simplified cam drive system designed for modular application.
- Crankshafts that are offset from the centre of the block.
- Electronically controlled piston cooling jets to improve efficiency in the oil pumping circuit. Jets are switched off
when piston cooling is not needed. They also enable the engine to reach its optimum operating temperature faster, further
helping to reduce CO2 emissions.
All Ingenium engines will be equipped with advanced and efficient turbochargers, central direct high-pressure fuel
injection, variable valve timing and start-stop technology.
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Ingenium will also come to market as one of the most tested and proven Jaguar Land Rover engines ever. Before the first
Ingenium engine is sold, it will have already undergone the equivalent of more than eight years of the toughest, most
punishing testing that Jaguar Land Rover engineers could devise. These tests include a huge range of integrity and
durability testing, including more than 72,000 hours of dyno testing and 2 million miles of real-world testing to ensure
these engines deliver – and continue to deliver.
Key Role in Vehicle Weight Reduction
Jaguar Land Rover already leads the industry in the production of lightweight, aluminium-bodied vehicles. The
introduction of Ingenium unites the company’s light-weight chassis expertise with powertrains specifically designed and
calibrated to complement reduced weight vehicles.
Jaguar Land Rover engineers are focusing on reducing vehicle weight by optimising every component in every system,
powertrains included. Despite adding features and increasing power output, Ingenium engines weigh as much as 80kg less
than today’s equivalent engines.
“Ingenium fulfils our commitment to offer our global customers some of the most advanced powertrains available in
some of the lightest vehicles in the premium SUV and performance car segments,” said Ron Lee, Jaguar Land Rover
Director of Powertrain Engineering.
“Being configurable and flexible are the two key strands of Ingenium’s DNA because we have future-proofed our new
engines from the outset. Ingenium will be able to accept new advances in fuel, turbocharging, emissions, performance and
electrification technologies when they are ready and accessible to be deployed.”
“We were able to design Ingenium in this way because we had the rare opportunity to start the project with a clean
sheet of paper. We weren’t locked into any of the usual restrictions that force engineering compromises because we had no
existing production machinery that would dictate design parameters, no carry-over engine architectures to utilise and no
existing factory to modify,” said Lee.